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Criminal Justice : Welcome

Welcome to Criminal Justice subject guide

About Criminal Justice System

What is Criminal Justice?

  • Criminal Justice is the system of practices and institutions of governments directed at upholding social control, deterring and mitigating crime.
  • Criminal Justice sanctions those who violate laws with criminal penalties and rehabilitation efforts. 
  • Those accused of crimes have protections against abuse of investigatory prosecution powers.

"Punishment alone does not create an adequate voice for those harmed or an adequate opportunity for those who create the harm." - Robert L. sand














Criminal Justice System

The three major components of the criminal justice system are:

Law Enforcement

Police patrol communities in order to curb crimes. They investigate crime incidences and scenes, and arrest individuals suspected of violating the law.

Courts System

The court consists of attorneys, judges and juries. The guilt or innocence of the offender is determined in the law court.

Corrections System

The corrections system consist all format of punishment- which could be in the form of incarceration as well as probation.

Components of the US Criminal Justice System

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Ugochi Nwachuku
212 Langston Hughes Memorial Library