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ILO 2: Technology & Information Literacy: Definition

What is Information Literacy?

Information Literacy and Technology

Institutional Learning Outcomes #2 Definition

The ability to responsibly, appropriately, and effectively access, manage, integrate, evaluate, create, and use general or discipline-specific technologies and/or library and media sources.

Outcomes: Students will:

  • Access, manage and integrate information effectively and efficiently
  • Critically evaluate the sources and content of the information for authority and accuracy
  • Create, produce, and/or use general or discipline-specific technologies and/or library and media sources
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the economic, legal, ethical, and social issues surrounding the use of communication and information technology

From Lincoln University's Institutional Learning Outcomes - Accessed October 2020

What About Technology Literacy?

The terms Information Literacy, Technology Literacy, Digital Literacy and Media Literacy are often used interchangeably, and very often, rightfully so.  These terms have come from a variety of fields, countries, and disciplines and evolved to often encompass parts of one another.  Imagine a large uneven venn diagram that changes from field to field and country to country.  However, for the purposes of  Lincoln University, our focus is Technology and Information Literacy.  Digital and media literacy can safely be nestled within technology literacy and information literacy with few outlying concepts. 

With regards to Technology Literacy, our focus is primarily on technological skills necessary tor particular fields of study.  As such, it is difficult to source a definition as the definition would rely heavily on the needs of the field.  Instead many universities create the wider definition themselves as based on professional organizations and the needs of their institution.

Technical Definition

"Information literacy is the set of integrated abilities encompassing the reflective discovery of information, the understanding of how information is produced and valued, and the use of information in creating new knowledge and participating ethically in communities of learning."

From the Framework for Information Literacy for Higher Education Accessed May 2021


"The set of skills needed to find, retrieve, analyze, and use information. Information literacy is more closely tied to course-integrated instruction but it extends far beyond coordination between the reference librarian and the individual faculty member. Even a cursory review of the Information Literacy Competency Standards will show that there is much more to information literacy competence than library-related research. Students must demonstrate competencies in formulating research questions and in their ability to use information as well as an understanding of ethical and legal issues surrounding information. This requires a campus culture of collaboration and focus on student learning."

From the Association of College and Research Libraries- Glossary Accessed October 2020